뉴욕타임즈 사설: 틀림없는 종교 차별 케이스

Editorial: A CASE OF RELIGIOUS DISCRIMINATION
  조회:  3,068   등록 일자: November 12   카테고리: 
Displays of the Ten Commandments have long been a lightning rod in constitutional law, and so they are again today. The Supreme Court is hearing arguments in a challenge to a city’s decision to allow the Ten Commandments to be placed in a public park, while refusing to allow a different religion’s display. The court should rule that that city’s decision violates the First Amendment prohibition on the establishment of religion. 십계명을 전시하는 문제가 합헌성 논란의 피뢰침 노릇을 하게 된 것은 오래 전부터이다. 그 문제가 요즘 또다시 논란의 대상이 되고 있다. 대법원은 공립 공원에 다른 종교의 전시물은 허용치 않으면서 십계명 전시물의 설치를 허용키로 한 한 도시의 결정에 불복하여 제기된 소송 사건의 시비 양론을 청취하기로 했다. 대법원은 이 시청의 결정이 국교의 설정을 금하는 헌법 제1 수정조항에 위배된다는 판결을 내려야 옳을 것이다 . Pleasant Grove City, Utah, has a city park, known as Pioneer Park, that includes various unattended displays. These include historical artifacts from the town, a Sept. 11 memorial, and a Ten Commandments monument that was given to the city by the Fraternal Order of Eagles, a national civic group. 유타 주의 ‘플레즌트 그로브 시티’에 ‘파이오니아 파크’로 불리는 시립 공원이 있다. 이 공원에는 여러 가지 무인 전시물들이 들어 있다. 그 중에는 이 마을의 역사적 유물들, 9.11 기념물, 십계명 기념비 등이 있다. 십계명 기념비는 전국적 민간 조직인 ‘프래터널 오더 오브 이글즈’가 이 마을에 기증한 것이었다. A religious organization called Summum, which was founded in 1975 and is based in Salt Lake City, applied to install its own monument in the park. The monument it proposed would include the group’s Seven Principles of Creation (also called the Seven Aphorisms), which it believes were inscribed on tablets handed down from God to Moses on Mount Sinai. 1975년에 창립되었으며 본부를 솔트 레이크 시티에 두고 있는 ‘서멈’(Summum) 이라는 종교 단체가 이 공원에 자기네 기념비를 설치하겠다는 신청을 했다. 이 단체가 원하는 기념비의 내용에는 이 단체의 ‘7개 창조 원칙’ (‘7개 잠언’ 이라고도 불림)도 들어 있다. 이 잠언은 하나님이 시나이 산에서 모세에게 내리신 銘板(명판)에 새겨져 있는 것이라고 이 단체는 믿고 있다. Pleasant Grove City rejected Summum’s application. It told the group that it had a decades-old practice of only accepting displays that directly related to the city’s history, or that were donated by groups with longstanding ties to the community. But this was not a firm policy at the time. It was only later that the city adopted a written policy enshrining these criteria. Summum sued, arguing that the rejection of its monument violated its right to free speech under the First Amendment. The United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit in Denver agreed. In allowing monuments in its park, the court ruled, Pleasant Grove City had no right to discriminate on the basis of the content of those monuments. The city was free to ban all unattended displays if it wanted to. But once it decided to allow such displays, the court ruled, it had no right to permit the Ten Commandments but bar the Seven Principles of Creation. The federal appeals court reached the right result, but regrettably, it ducked the issue at the heart of the case, which turns on the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. The real problem is that Pleasant Grove City elevated one religion, traditional Christianity, over another, Summum. The founders regarded this sort of religious preference as so odious that they included a specific provision in the First Amendment prohibiting it. The United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit has a bad record on Establishment Clause cases, which made it easier for all of the parties to treat the case as a simple speech case. But as the American Jewish Committee, Americans United for Separation of Church and State and other groups argue in a friend-of-the-court brief, the Supreme Court should not make this mistake. It should squarely confront the religious discrimination underlying Pleasant Grove City’s rejection of Summum’s monument and make clear that the city violated the Establishment Clause. There is no shortage of churches, synagogues and private parcels of land where the Ten Commandments could be displayed without the need to include the credos of alternative faiths. Public property like Pioneer Park must be open to all religions on an equal basis — or open to none at all. (November 12, 2008) (ⓒ 2008 The New York Times) (ⓒ 2008 www.usabriefing.net)
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