뉴욕타임즈 사설: 게임의 규칙들

Editorial: RULES OF THE GAME
  조회:  3,775   등록 일자: February 02   카테고리: 
President George W. Bush, and his aides, could hardly wait to get rid of all those tiresome arms-control treaties when they took office. They tore up the 1972 antiballistic missile treaty to make way for a still largely pie-in-the-sky missile defense system. 조지 W. 부시 대통령과 그의 부하들은 그들이 집권하기가 무섭게 기다렸다는 듯이 군축 조약들이라는 매우 재미없는 물건들을 몽땅 없애버렸다. 그들은 아직 실현성이 확실치도 않은 미사일 방어 시스템을 만드는 데 방해가 되지 않도록 하기 위해 1972년 반 탄도탄 미사일 협정을 폐기해 버렸다. They opposed the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and never made a serious effort to win a ban on the production of fissile material (the core of a nuclear weapon). 그들은 종합 핵실험 금지 협정에 반대했으며 (핵무기의 핵심인) 핵분열 물질의 생산을 금지하는 협약을 만들기 위한 진지한 노력을 한 적이 없다. While Mr. Bush and his team were ridiculing treaties and arms control negotiations as “old think,” North Korea tested a nuclear device, Iran has been working overtime to produce nuclear fuel (usable for a reactor or a bomb) and many other countries are weighing whether they need to get into the nuclear game. 부시 씨와 그의 팀이 조약들이나 군축 협상들은 “구식 사고”의 산물들이라고 조소하고 있는 동안에, 북한은 핵 장치의 시험을 했으며, 이란은 (원자로나 핵폭탄에 쓸 수 있는) 핵연료를 생산하기 위해 밤낮을 가리지 않고 작업 주이고, 그밖에도 여러 나라들이 그들도 핵 생산 경쟁에 뛰어들 필요가 있는 것이 아닌지를 연구 중이다. President Obama pledged to address these dangers when he was campaigning. In her recent confirmation hearing, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton argued that this country’s best hope of doing that is to restore treaties and a rules-based system. Now they have to translate that lofty intent into urgent action. 오바마 대통령은 그가 선거운동을 할 때 이러한 위험한 문제들을 방치하지 않겠다고 맹세했다. 힐러리 로덤 클린턴 국무 장관은 미국이 그러한 작업을 함에 있어서 최선의 길은 조약들을 부활시키며 규칙을 기반으로 하는 시스템을 회복시키는 길이라고 말했다. 이제 그들은 그러한 고매한 의도를 시급히 실천으로 옮겨야 할 때가 되었다. The first challenge is Russia, the only other country besides the United States with enough weapons to blow up the planet. The administration can start by negotiating a follow-on to the 1991 Start Treaty, which is set to expire in December. The pact contains the only rules for verifying any nuclear agreement, and it provides an opportunity for making even deeper cuts. The two sides could easily go to 1,000 weapons each in this next round, down from the 1,700 to 2,200 deployed weapons agreed on in the 2002 Moscow treaty. Without any negotiations, the two can immediately take their weapons off hair-trigger alert. We applaud the administration’s pledge to work for Senate ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and to revive negotiations on a fissile material production ban. Neither will be easy to achieve, but both are essential if Mr. Obama is serious about reining in a frightening new world of ever-expanding nuclear appetites. During the campaign, Mr. Obama opposed plans to build a new nuclear warhead. He was right. There is no military or scientific need. Defense Secretary Robert Gates is a strong advocate of the program. Mr. Obama should resist. If the United States is going to have any credibility in arguing that others must restrain their nuclear ambitions, it must restrain its own. Mr. Bush repeatedly warned about the dangers of nuclear weapons falling into the hands of terrorists. He was right. But he never put in place the strategy needed to ensure that that never happens. And he weakened some of this country’s most fundamental defenses, including its credibility. President Obama must do better. He can start by restoring the rules of the game. January 30, 2009 (ⓒ2009 The New York Times) (ⓒ2009 usabriefing.net)
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