중국: 대졸들도 구직난 겪어

EVEN COLLEGE-EDUCATED CHINESE FEEL JOB PINCH
  조회:  8,293   등록 일자: January 25   카테고리: 
By Edward Wong ⓒ 2009 New York Times News Service BEIJING -- Oakley Qiao had every reason to feel confident when he began his job hunt last September. He was a student at one of China's top graduate business schools. He already had a few years of work experience. Students applying for jobs at the same time the previous year had gotten two or three offers by the winter, sometimes for a starting salary 20 times the average Chinese annual income. 베이징 – 작년 9월에 직장을 찾기 시작했을 때 오클리 챠오(Oakley Qiao)는 자신만만하게 느낄 만한 이유가 충분히 있었다. 그는 중국의 최상급 경영 대학원의 학생이었다. 그는 직장에서 몇 해 동안 일한 경력까지 이미 갖추고 있었다. 그 전 해 그맘때에 취직 신청을 한 선배들은 겨울이 되기 전에 두세 군데에서 오퍼를 받았었다. 중국의 평균 1 년 수입의 20배나 되는 初給(초급)이 약속되는 예까지 있었다. But on Tuesday, Qiao walked away empty-handed from the campus of Peking University to take a train northeast to his frigid hometown. 그러나 지난 20일 챠오는 동북부의 추운 고향으로 기차로 떠나기 위해 베이징 대학 캠퍼스에서 걸어 나올 때 맨주먹 신세였다. Most of his 100 classmates are in the same straits. Qiao said he had handed out resumes to more than 50 companies. 그의 동급생들 백 명 중 대부분이 같은 곤경에 처해 있다. 챠오는 이력서를 50개 이상의 기업들에게 제출했다고 말했다. "Everyone's anxious," he said as he sat in a campus cafe the day before leaving. "The companies who come to the job fairs, they just come to give presentations, not to offer jobs." As this country lumbers into the Year of the Ox, a frisson of anxiety is rippling through a generation of Chinese who had grown up thinking that economic prosperity was guaranteed them. The great boom in urban middle-class wealth over the past decade and a half is slowing because of the global financial crisis, and the job market for college-educated Chinese, even those with degrees from top universities here and abroad, has tightened. Here in China, the economic downturn hit the export industry first, and factories have been shutting down and putting migrant workers out on the street for months. Now, Chinese white-collar businesses are starting rounds of layoffs, slashing salaries and cutting the year-end bonuses that employees highly prize. Lenovo Group, the world's fourth-biggest computer maker, announced this month that it would lay off 11 percent of its global work force and sharply cut executives' pay. China Eastern Airlines, a state-owned enterprise that is receiving $1 billion in government bailout money, said it would cut the monthly salary of some managers by up to 30 percent. So worrisome has the situation become that some students at Peking University, one of the country's most prestigious, are even talking about joining the army or becoming butchers (a well-known alumnus recently made a fortune opening pork shops). Last year, 10,000 college students joined the military, a much higher number than in previous years, according to the official newspaper of the People's Liberation Army. The anxiety level of the ruling Communist Party is rising in lockstep with that of the frustrated workers and job seekers. On Monday, Prime Minister Wen Jiabao said at a Cabinet meeting that "this year's employment situation is very grave," according to a government report. Earlier, the government ordered state-owned companies not to lay people off. (ⓒ 2009 The New York Times) (ⓒ2009 usabriefing.net)
관련 기사보기
본 내용을 무단 전재, 도용할 경우 저작권법에 의해 엄중 처벌 받게 될 것임을 경고합니다