연방 고법, 트럭 배기가스 규제 강화를 지시
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By FELICITY BARRINGER and MICHELINE MAYNARD 샌프란시스코 – 이 곳에 소재하는, 연방 제9 순회 고등법원의 3 인 합의부는 15일 부시 행정부가 1 년 전에 설정한 경 트럭과 SUV의 연료 절약 기준들이 환경 보호 입장에서 볼 때 미흡하다는 판결을 내렸다. 법원은 감독 기관이 배기 가스로 인한 오염이 경제에 미칠 영향을 엄격히 평가하지 못했다고 지적했다. 아울러 법원은 수송부가 온실 가스를 줄일 필요성을 감안하여 기준을 새로 작성할 것을 지시했다. SAN FRANCISCO -- A federal appeals court here rejected the Bush administration's year-old fuel-economy standards for light trucks and sport utility vehicles on Thursday, saying that they were not tough enough because regulators had failed to thoroughly assess the economic impact of tailpipe emissions that contribute to climate change. A three-judge panel of the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, in San Francisco, voided the new regulations for 2008-2011 model year vehicles and told the Transportation Department to produce new rules taking into account the value of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The court, siding with four environmental groups and 11 states and two cities, also asked the government to explain why it still treats light trucks -- which include pickups, SUVs and minivans -- more mildly than passenger cars. Under the defunct rule, the average fuel economy of light trucks was to rise to 23.5 miles per gallon in 2010, up from the current standard of 22.5 mpg, but still well below the current standard for passenger cars of 27.5 mpg. The ruling, which is likely to be appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, represents a major setback for both the auto industry and the White House at a time of growing public concern over the rising price of gasoline and the issue of climate change. Lawyers specializing in environmental issues said on Thursday that the decision had significant implications beyond the automobile industry's struggles over fuel-economy standards. It was the third federal court ruling in seven months pressing regulators to take the risk of climate change into consideration as they set standards for industries that emit carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases produced when oil, coal and natural gas are burned to produce energy. "What this says to me is that the courts are catching up with climate change and the law is catching up with climate change," said Patrick A. Parenteau, an environmental law professor at Vermont Law School. "Climate change has ushered in a whole new era of judicial review." (ⓒ 2007 The New York Times) (ⓒ 2007
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