중국, 일부 수출 보조금 폐지키로 합의

CHINA AGREES TO REMOVE CERTAIN EXPORT SUBSIDIES
  조회:  3,441   등록 일자: November 28   카테고리: 
Byline:STEVEN R. WEISMAN c.2007 New York Times News Service WASHINGTON -- Bowing to American pressure on the eve of high-level talks to reduce economic tensions, China agreed Thursday to terminate a dozen different subsidies and tax rebates that promote its own exports and discourage imports of steel, wood products, information technology and other goods. 경제 문제로 인한 긴장 관계를 줄일 목적으로 열리는 고위 회담 직전에 미국이 가한 압력에 굴복하여, 중국은 29일 강철, 목재 제품, IT와 그 밖의 부문들에서 자국의 수출을 촉진하며 외국산의 수입을 억제하는 효과가 있는 10 여 종류의 수출보조금과 세금 환급 제도를 철폐하기로 합의했다. The action mostly affects exports by Chinese companies that have foreign investors or are joint ventures with foreign companies. Nearly 60 percent of Chinese exports are produced by these businesses. Also affected were tax breaks that China gives its own companies if they do not import goods themselves. 이번 조치는 외국인 투자를 받았거나 외국 회사와 합작 투자로 이루어진 중국 회사들의 수출에 주로 적용된다. 중국의 수출의 근 60%는 이러한 회사들의 제품들로 충당되고 있다. 중국 회사들이 수입품을 들여오지 않을 경우에 정부가 제공하는 세금 혜택도 이번 조치의 대상에 들어 있다. There were no clear indications Thursday on which exports, if any, would become more expensive and which imports would benefit, since the precise amount of subsidies that different companies get is not public. 만약 수출이 영향을 받는다면 어떤 수출품들이 더 비싸질 것인지, 어떤 수입품들이 덕을 보게 될 것인지에 대한 시사는 29일 현재 분명치 않다. 그 것은 여러 회사들이 받고 있는 보조금의 정확한 금액들은 공개되어 있지 않기 때문이다. Despite the progress announced Thursday, the Bush administration remained concerned about increasingly aggressive actions by China in recent months to use subsidies, regulations and other government measures to promote national champions in major sectors where foreign countries have been strong, including energy, aerospace, telecommunications and financial services. The intent of the new agreement, negotiated by Susan C. Schwab, the top U.S. trade envoy, is to help American companies compete against China. While Schwab acknowledged that some of the loss of subsidies might be borne by Chinese companies owned in part by Americans, she trumpeted the agreement as a major breakthrough. "This outcome represents a victory for U.S. manufacturers and their workers," Schwab said after the accord was signed by Chinese and American representatives at the World Trade Organization in Geneva. "It shows that President Bush's policy of serious dialogue and resolute enforcement is delivering real results." Schwab said she hoped that the negotiated settlement on subsidies, after months of litigation at the WTO, would improve the atmosphere on other disputes over China's currency policies, anti-monopoly rules, regulations and other practices that seem aimed at discouraging foreign imports and investments. But no breakthroughs on these other matters appear to be in the offing two weeks ahead of the next round of the "strategic economic dialogue" with China set up last year by Treasury Secretary Henry M. Paulson Jr. In advance of that session, negotiators led by Schwab, Paulson and Commerce Secretary Carlos M. Gutierrez are trying to hammer out agreements on food and product safety, improved access to China for American banks and insurance companies and an easing of China's restrictions on foreign companies. ... (ⓒ 2007 The New York Times) (ⓒ 2007 usabriefing.net)
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