Areas of protected wilderness are generally far away from urban centers. But Kenya's Nairobi National Park is the only protected wilderness in the world that is located within a capital city. This poses challenges but also opportunities for tourists and Kenyans alike. VOA's Cathy Majtenyi visited Nairobi National Park and filed this report.
보호 대상인 황무지 재역은 대개의 경우 도시들 중심에서 멀리 떨어져 있다. 그러나 케니야의 Nairobi National Park(나이로비 국립공원)는 수도 구역안에 들어 있는 보호 황무지로는 세계에서 유일한 존재이다. 이것은 관광객들에게 그리고 케니야 국민들에게도 힘든 문제를 제기하기도 하지만 한편 기회들을 의미하기도 한다. VOA의 캐시 매테니가 다음과 같이 나이로비 국립공원 방문기를 보내왔다.
Zebras, ostriches and giraffes graze against a backdrop of savannah, a typical African landscape.
사배나를 배경으로 지브라들, 타조들, 지라프들이 풀을 먹고 있는 모습이 보인다. 전형적인 아프리카 정경이다.
But turn the corner, and the view is quite different.
그러나 길 모퉁이를 돌면, 경치가 확 달라진다.
Kenya's Nairobi National Park is the only one of its kind located within a capital city.
케니야의 나이로비 국립공원은 한 나라의 수도안에 위치하고 있다는 점에서 독특한 존재이다.
The 117-square kilometer park is just seven kilometers from the city center.
On three sides of the park, only a thin electric fence separates the wild animals from the nearby human population.
Michael Wanjau is senior warden. He describes the down sides of the park's location.
"We also have factories, which are located just next to the boundary of the park, and that of course is affecting discharges of liquid waste into the park. There is noise, for example from the aircrafts and also from factories," Wanjau said.
Nairobi National Park is connected to another major wildlife area by land known as a migratory corridor.
As Nairobi and other urban centers expand, there is concern that human settlement may block the animals' migration during the rainy season.
Eunice Kiarie is deputy senior warden in charge of the Nairobi Animal Orphanage where baby animals are rescued and raised. She worries that the migratory corridor could become blocked. "These animals (may) not exchange their genes because they might even suffer in-breeding, because the same father, the same mother, they interbreed," Kiarie said.
But for now, park officials say the benefits of Nairobi National Park's location close to the capital outweigh the disadvantages.
"There is a lot of pollution in the city, there is a lot of noise, lack of enough space,
other stresses coming from livelihood systems, whether it is pressure from work,
pressure from competition for space, traffic jams and so on," Senior warden
Michael Wanjau said. "So when you find a place to relax, it really gives you
satisfaction. So this has been a place where that kind of experience is available."
Orphanage head Eunice Kiarie says the orphanage, and the nearby Nairobi Safari
Walk, where visitors can see animals up close, offer educational opportunities for
Kenyans and tourists alike.
And they also give visitors the chance to see animals in their natural habitat.
For those who live in Nairobi, the wild is only a short bus ride away.
(출처: VOA) (번역: ⓒ 2008 www.usabriefing.net)